Ten side chairs

  • Detail

    Ebony and ivory, with (later) rosewood spindles and restored caned seats

    122 x 45.5  x 54 cm

    Indian (Vizagapatam), probably circa 1710

  • Provenance

    Edward Harrison (1674-1732), Balls Park, Hertfordshire, and assumed to have been acquired while he was Governor of Fort St George (Madras), 1711-17, or less likely between 1693 and 1707 when Harrison was an officer with the East India Company; by descent to Harrison’s daughter Audrey, later Lady Townshend; by descent at Lansdowne House, Richmond by 1811, then back at Balls Park, before being removed to Raynham Hall during the late 1840s or early 1850s; by decent to 8th Marquess Townshend at Raynham Hall, Norfolk

  • Labelled

    ‘Chair [Ivo]ry and Ebony / Four’ (paper label on back rail of one chair)

  • Literature

    Amin Jaffer, Furniture from British India and Ceylon, London, 2001, pp. 176-79, under cat. no. 32
    Christie’s, ‘Captain Harrison’s Seat-Furniture’, The Exceptional Sale, 7 July 2011, lots 16 and 17 for further citations and provenance details (and also pp. 60-63)

  • Collection

    Private collections

  • Notes

    Jaffer (op. cit., p. 176) describes these chairs as belonging to ‘[t]he earliest and only fully documented suite of this type…’  George Hammond Lucy acquired another related suite in 1837 through his broker William Buchanan from the dealer Samuel Isaac of Regent Street, London; the Lucy suite remains at Charlcote Park, Warwickshire (Jaffer, loc. cit.).

    The form of the ‘Raynham Hall suite’ (comprising 12 side chairs, two arm chairs, one of which has been altered, and a pair of daybeds) derives from contemporary English seat furniture (see Adam Bowett, English Furniture 1660-1714 From Charles II to Queen Anne, Woodbridge, 2002, figs 8:60-8:71.  Such chairs and daybeds invariably had caned backs as well as seats.  The backs of the present chairs appear to be an old replacement, but there is no evidence that this was not for upholstery rather than caning.