Plaque

  • Designer / Painter /Maker

    Designed by Walter Crane (1845-1915)

    Painted by Richard Joyce (1873-1931)

    Manufactured by Pilkington Tile & Pottery Co (1892-1957)

  • Detail

    Earthenware, with lustre decoration

    48.9 cm (diameter)

    English (Manchester), 1906

  • Marked

    ‘Crane rebus’ on front, left; Pilkington mark ‘ENGLAND’, ‘2147’  and ‘VI’ (date mark for 1906) incised into centre of back and ‘RJ PINX’ monogram on edge of back

  • Literature

    The Studio Yearbook of Decorative Art, 1908, B.197 (for a blue-ground charger of this design painted by Richard Joyce)

    A. J. Cross, Pilkington’s Royal Lancastrian Pottery and Tiles, London, 1980, front cover (for Harriman Judd example, see below)

    Smith & Hyde, Walter Crane 1845-1915: Artist, Designer and Socialist, 1989, K12 (another example)

    H. Blairman & Sons, Furniture and Works of Art (2013), no. 18

  • Provenance

    […]; H. Blairman & Sons, 2013; private collection (2014-present)

  • Notes

    Although the quotation ‘Un Chevalier sans Peur et Sans Reproche’ around the border is generally considered to be a reference to the French soldier Pierre Terrail of Bayard (1473-1524), the charger in fact depicts St George, patron saint of England, slaying the dragon.

    Crane’s ‘St George’ design for Pilkington was supplied in 1906 and several examples were manufactured at least until 1918, the painting being executed by some of the factory’s principal artists: Richard Joyce, W.S. Mycock, Gordon Forsyth and Charles Cundall.  For Crane’s eleven designs for Pilkington and a discussion of this work, see Judy Rudoe, Decorative Arts 1850-1950: A Catalogue of the British Museum Collection, London, 1994 edn, under no. 56.

    Identified examples of the St George charger, with varying ground colours, slight difference of detail and degrees of success in the firing, include: Whitworth Art Gallery, painted by Joyce, 1906 (see Smith & Hyde, loc. cit.); Delaware Art Museum, blue ground, painted by Cundall, 1907 (DAM 1976-94); National Gallery of Victoria, blue ground, painted by Cundall, 1910 (D 149-1977); Fine Art Society, yellow/red ground, painted by Joyce, 1912 (exhibition June-July, 2006, no. 29); a green ground example was exhibited in 1914 in Paris (see Arts Décoratifs de Grande-Bretagne et d’Irlande, Paris, 1914, no. 61.1, illustrated), and Harriman Judd collection, blue ground painted by Joyce, 1918 (Sotheby’s, New York, 22 January 2001, lot 413).

    The present example, which dates from the first year of production, is particularly well fired and clearly delineated.